Sarimawar Djaja, Soeharsono Soemantri
Abstract. Most of rieonatal death occur in developing countries. Neottatal death rate in Indonesia in 1997 was 25 per 1.000 life births. This statistical figure drew the attention of Indonesian goverrtment. The purpose of this descriptive study was to know the diseases pattern of neonatal death, and access of the neonates mother to health care during their pregnancy and delivery. In HHS 2001, there were 466 infant deaths, of which 180 cases were rzeonatal. Neorlatal death in rural area (58.6%) was higher than in urban area (41.4%). Most of neonatal death which was early neonatal death was 79.494, the rest (20.5%) was late tteorlatal death. Most of neonatal death occurred when the delivery was attended by doctor or midwives. (57.2%). More than halfneotlutal deaths occurred at home (54.2%). Anzortg the neonates that died, 26.7% were given treatment prior to death, i,e. 8.3% taken to hospitals, 6.7% to doctor/nzidwife private practice, and 5.5% to puskesmas. The leading causes of early neorratul death are premature with low birth weight (35%), and birth asphyxia (33.6%), while the cause of late neonatal death are predominantly infection, such as tetanus (31.4%)). pneumonia (8.6%). ,followed by feeding problem (14.3%).
Key word: mortality, neonatal, health survey